At the end of 2013, the Virginia Center for Architecture and the Virginia Society of the American Institute of Architects conducted a public survey to determine Virginia’s most beloved pieces of architecture. In a public poll which garnered nearly 30,000 votes, the following 100 structures were identified as Virginia’s Favorite Architecture. View the Image Gallery.

1.  Sweet Briar House, Sweet Briar College, c. 1790 — Joseph Crews
Sweet Briar, Va.

2.  Monticello, c. 1770 — Thomas Jefferson
Charlottesville, Va.

3.  Burruss Hall, Virginia Tech, 1936 — William Carneal and J. Ambler Johnston, AIA, of Carneal, Johnston & Wright, Architects and Engineers
Blacksburg, Va.

4. LUMENHAUS, Virginia Tech, 2009 — Center for Design Research, Virginia Tech School of Architecture + Design, CAUS
Blacksburg, Va.

5. The Academical Village, University of Virginia, 1822 — Thomas Jefferson
Charlottesville, Va.

6. War Memorial Chapel and Pylons, Virginia Tech, 1960 — Roy F. Larson, FAIA, of Harbeson, Hough, Livingston & Larson
Blacksburg, Va.

7. Washington Dulles International Airport, 1962 — Eero Saarinen and Associates
Chantilly, Va.

8. Moss Center for the Arts, Virginia Tech, 2013 — Snøhetta
Blacksburg, Va.

9. Christ Church, 1773 — Col. James Wren
Alexandria, Va.

10. Poplar Forest, 1809 — Thomas Jefferson
Forest, Va.

11. Main Street Station, 1901 — Wilson, Harris and Richards Architects
Richmond, Va.

11. Mount Vernon, 1735 — Augustine Washington
Alexandria, Va.

13. Maymont, 1893 — Edgerton S. Rogers
Richmond, Va.

14. Virginia State Capitol, 1792 — Thomas Jefferson
Richmond, Va.

15. The Rotunda, University of Virginia, 1826 — Thomas Jefferson
Charlottesville, Va.

16. Governor’s Palace, 1722 ― Henry Cary
Williamsburg, Va.

17. Stratford Hall, 1730 ― Col. Thomas Lee
Stratford, Va.

18. Dovetail Construction Company, Inc., 2010 ― Walter Parks Architect
Richmond, Va.

18. Gunston Hall, 1759 ― William Buckland and William Bernard Sears
Lorton, Va.

20. The Sir Christopher Wren Building, The College of William and Mary, 1702 ― Sir Christopher Wren
Williamsburg, Va.

21. Capitol of Williamsburg, 1705 ― Henry Cary
Williamsburg, Va.

21. Lynchburg Courthouse and Monument Terrace, 1855/1924 ― Andrew Ellison, Jr. (Courthouse) and Hurd and Chesterman (Staircase)
Lynchburg, Va.

23. Shirley Plantation, 1738 ― John Carter
Charles City, Va.

24. Smithfield Plantation, 1774 ― Col. William Preston
Blacksburg, Va.

25. The Jefferson Hotel, 1895 ― Carrere and Hastings
Richmond, Va.

26. Bruton Parish Episcopal Church, 1715 ― Royal Governor Alexander Spottswood
Williamsburg, Va.

27. Pope-Leighey House, 1940 ― Frank Lloyd Wright
Alexandria, Va.

28. Humpback Covered Bridge, 1857 ― Unknown
Covington, Va.

29. Belle Grove Plantation at Port Conway, 1790 ― Unknown
Port Conway, Va.

30. Jamestown Fort, 1607 ― Virginia Company
Jamestown, Va.

31. Montpelier, 1797 ― Frances Taylor and Ambrose Madison
Orange, Va.

32. Old City Hall, 1894 ― Elijah E. Myers
Richmond, Va.

33. Bath Houses at the Warm Springs Pools, 1761 ― Unknown
Warm Springs, Va.

34. United States Marine Corps War Memorial, 1954 ― Edward F. Neild, Felix Weihs de Weldon (Sculptor)
Arlington, Va.

35. Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden Conservatory, 2003 ― Glavé & Holmes Architecture
Richmond, Va.

36. Fort Monroe National Monument, 1834 ― Brigadier General Simon Bernard
Hampton, Va.

37. Broad Street Station/Science Museum of Virginia, 1919 ― John Russell Pope, FAIA
Richmond, Va.

38. Blue Ridge Tunnel, 1858 ― Claudius Crozet, Engineer
Rockfish Gap, Va.

39. City Market, 1879 ― Unknown
Petersburg, Va.

40. The Mosque/Altria Theater, 1927 ― Marcellus Wright, Sr., FAIA, and Charles M. Robinson
Richmond, Va.

40. Swannanoa, 1913 ― Noland and Baskervill
Lyndhurst, Va.

42. Branch House/Virginia Center for Architecture, 1919 ― John Russell Pope, FAIA
Richmond, Va.

43. Martha Washington Inn, 1832 ― built for Gen. Francis Preston
Abingdon, Va.

44. Adam Thoroughgood House, c. 1719 ― Argall Thorowgood
Virginia Beach, Va.

44. Arlington House: The Robert E. Lee Memorial, 1818 ― George Hadfield
Arlington, Va.

46. Wickham House/Valentine Richmond History Center, 1812 ― Alexander Parris
Richmond, Va.

47. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Expansion, 2010 ― Rick Mather + SMBW Architects PLLC
Richmond, Va.

47. White House of the Confederacy, 1818 ― Robert Mills
Richmond, Va.

49. The VCU Institute for Contemporary Art, Unbuilt ― Steven Holl Architects + BCWH
Richmond, Va.

50. Point of Honor, c. 1815 ― built for George Cabell, Sr.
Lynchburg, Va.

51. Egyptian Building, 1845 ― Thomas Stewart
Richmond, Va.

52. Taubman Museum of Art, 2008 ― Randall Stout Architects
Roanoke, Va.

53. Washington and Lee University Chapel, 1868 ― George Washington Custis Lee and Col. Thomas Williamson
Lexington, Va.

54. Westover Plantation, 1734 ― William Byrd, II
Charles City, Va.

55. National D-Day Memorial, 2001 ― Dickson Architects and Associates
Bedford, Va.

56. St. Andrews Catholic Church, 1902 ― William P. Ginther, FAIA
Roanoke, Va.

57. Old Cape Henry Lighthouse, 1792 ― John McComb, Jr.
Fort Story, Va.

57. The Homestead Hotel, 1892 ― Yarnell and Goforth; Elzner and Anderson; and Warren and Wetmore
Hot Springs, Va.

59. The Pentagon, 1943 ― George E. Bergstrom, FAIA, and David J. Witmer, FAIA
Arlington, Va.

60. Bacon’s Castle, c. 1665 ― built by Arthur Allen
Surry, Va.

61. McLean House at Appomattox Courthouse, 1848 ― Charles Raine
Appomattox, Va.

62. Powder Magazine, 1715 ― Royal Governor Alexander Spottswood
Williamsburg, Va.

63. The Iron Fronts, 1869 ― Franklin Sterns; William S. Donnan and John Asher
Richmond, Va.

64. United States Air Force Memorial, 2006 ― James Ingo Freed, FAIA, of Pei Cobb Freed and Partners
Arlington, Va.

65. Siege Museum, 1841 ― James Berrien
Petersburg, Va.

66. Mount Airy Plantation, 1764 ― attributed to John Ariss
Warsaw, Va.

67. Norfolk Scope Arena, 1971 ― Pier Luigi Nervi with Williams and Tazewell
Norfolk, Va.

68. National Museum of the Marine Corps, 2006 ― Fentress-Bradburn Architects
Arlington, Va.

68. Wolf Trap Center for the Performing Arts, 1984 ― Dewberry & Davis, and John MacFadyen, AIA and Joseph Boggs, FAIA
Vienna, Va.

68. John Paul Jones Arena, 2006 ― VMDO Architects
Charlottesville, Va.

71. Rice House, 1965 ― Richard Neutra, FAIA with Thaddeus Longstreth
Richmond, Va.

71. Berkeley Plantation, 1726 ― built by Benjamin Harrison, IV
Charles City, Va.

73. Virginia House, 1929 ― Alexander and Virginia Weddell
Richmond, Va.

74. Reynolds Homestead, 1843 ― Hardin Williams Reynolds
Critz, Va.

75. Virginia Military Institute Barracks, 1839 ― Alexander Jackson Davis
Lexington, Va.

76. Long Branch Plantation, 1811 ― Robert Carter Burwell with Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Millwood, Va.

77. Agecroft Hall, 1927 ― Homer G. Morse
Richmond, Va.

77. Executive Mansion, 1813 ― Alexander Parris
Richmond, Va.

79. The Byrd Theatre, 1928 ― Fred Bishop
Richmond, Va.

80. Torpedo Factory Art Center, 1919 ― U.S. Navy
Alexandria, Va.

81. Carter’s Grove Plantation, 1755 ― built by David Minitree, James Wheatley, Richard Baylis, and Duncan Lee
James City, Va.

81. Barboursville, 1822 ― Thomas Jefferson
Barboursville, Va.

81. Assateague Lighthouse, 1867 ― Unknown
Assateague Island, Va.

84. Old Coast Guard Station, 1903 ― George R. Tolman
Virginia Beach, Va.

85. Carlin’s Amoco Station, 1947 ― George W. Terp
Roanoke, Va.

85. Tredegar Iron Works, 1837 ― Reev Davis and others
Richmond, Va.

87. Coffee Pot Building, 1959 ― Kenneth Willis
Lexington, Va.

88. Centre Hill Mansion, 1823 ― built for Robert Bolling, IV
Petersburg, Va.

88. Monumental Church, 1814 ― Robert Mills
Richmond, Va.

88. White’s Mill, 1790 ― Unknown
Abingdon, Va.

91. Scottsville Elementary School Addition, 1984 ― VMDO
Scottsville, Va.

91. Stonewall Jackson House, c. 1801 ― built for Cornelius Dorman
Lexington, Va.

93. Hollin Hills, 1971 ― Charles W. Goodman, FAIA
Alexandria, Va.

94. Woodlawn, 1800 ― Dr. William Thornton
Alexandria, Va.

95. Ronald Reagan National Airport Expansion, 1997 ― César Pelli, FAIA with Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
Alexandria, Va.

96. Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Birthplace, 1846 ― Rev. Rufus W. Bailey
Staunton, Va.

97. Rosewell, 1744 ― Mann Page
Gloucester, Va.

98. Freemason Street Baptist Church, 1850 ― Thomas U. Walter, FAIA
Norfolk, Va.

99. The Nathalie P. and Alan M. Voorhees Archaearium, 2006 ― Carlton Abbott, FAIA of Carlton Abbott and Partners, P.C
Jamestown, Va.

99. Hampton Coliseum, 1970 ― A.G. Odell, Jr. and Associates
Hampton, Va.

Virginia’s Favorite Architecture is part of a year-long celebration called Virginia Celebrates Architecture. Developed to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the American Institute of Architects in the Commonwealth, Virginia Celebrates Architecture is intended to act as a catalyst for conversations about buildings and the impact they have on our lives, our communities, and our world.
Financial Support for Virginia’s Favorite Architecture has been provided by:
Sustaining Sponsor
Glavé and Holmes Architecture
Mark S. Orling, AIA and Martha J. Orling
The Whiting-Turner Contracting Company

Supporting Sponsor
Commonwealth Architects

And Virginia Society AIA Centennial Sponsors Hanbury Evans Wright Vlattas + Company and Vandeventer Black, LLC

The following individuals provided invaluable assistance:
Suzanne Berry
Marcos Cejudo Alcantara
Jim Deverick
Faith Hofma
Julie Pence
Jeff Szyperski